First name/s: Richard
Last name: Fox
Known names / nicknames: known as R.M.Fox
Date of birth:
Year of birth: 1891
Life before Ruskin
Date and place of birth Leeds, 1891
Mother Elizabeth (nee Rathmell), father Richard. 3 brothers. 1916 met Patricia Lynch, former suffragette, supporter of Sylvia Pankhurst, Sinn Fein supporter and novelist /writer whom he married in 1892.
metal factory and armaments factory in London (Tottenham and Erith)
Politics/Trade union activity
Co-operative Movement. North London Herald League. Around the SPGB.Speaking on socialism and women’s socialism in Wood Green and Highbury Corner. Started writing for radical press. Heard Connolly speak on the Dublin Lockout of 1913. Pro Easter Uprising of 1916. Opposed the 1914 -18 war as an imperialist war. Refused to serve in Army and remanded for 112 day, released and then again refused to serve so sentenced to 2 years’ hard labour. Released in 1919 but sentenced to a second term of two years. Undertook hunger strike and released in April 1919.
Trade Union membership (at time of entry to Ruskin)
Life at Ruskin
Dates at Ruskin
1919 – 1921 (?) and returns in 1922 – (1923?)
Source of funding
Scholarship from National Co-Operative Scholarship in 1914 but could not take up place until 1919. Second scholarship given by Middlesex County Council ‘ A senior county scholarship’
Joined Oxford University Labour Club and became editor of New Oxford. Spoke to Ruskin students of his visit to Russia and collects for famine relief. (Smokey Crusade p.328) Secretary to Ruskin debating group. Attended lectures of visiting speakers to Oxford such as Rabindranath Tagore and Lord Asquith .‘ For the break-up social’ wrote a play called The Students’ Nightmare parodying the economists he had studied. ‘At Ruskin we had engineer, miner and docker students, many of whom had graduated in Labour politics, like myself, at the street corner’.(Smokey Crusade p. 302) During 1922 at Ruskin formed committee and sent out circulars against the Black and Tans attacks in Ireland.
Subjects studied at Ruskin
Economics and Political Science. Psychology in relation to industry. Outside lectures in psychology and literature
Diploma in Economics and Political Science
Life after Ruskin
Journalist including for Labour Press Service in mainland Europe and Ireland.
Politics/trade union activity
Invited to Soviet Russia in 1921 and travelled there with Isadora Duncan, meeting educationalist Nadezhda Krupskaya. Went to Dublin and met leading socialists and writers, including Erskine Childers. Visited Communist China and wrote about it in China Diary (1959).
Married Patricia Lynch October 1922
Place & date of death Lived in Dublin. Died December 1969
Date of death:
Year of death: 1969
Achievements / Publications
Published a number of books with the Hogarth Press including Rebel Irishwomen (1935),James Connolly – The Forerunner (1943) and a memoir Smokey Crusade. According to Peter Beresford Ellis, Fox’s books ‘ were an essential first step in studies of the Irish left.’
Material in archives or already published articles
Peter Beresford EIlis ‘An influential historian of Irish labour’ Irish Labour History Society
Times obituary 30 December 1969
Ken Weller, Don’t be a Soldier – the radical anti war movement in North London 1914-1918, 1985
Notes on Image/s
Comment of contributor/s and sources
Peter Beresford EIlis ‘An influential historian of Irish labour’ Irish Labour History Society www.irishlabourhistorysociety.com/pdf/R%20M%20Fox.pdf
R.M.Fox Smokey Crusade Hogarth Press, (2nd edition) 1938